自定义SpringCache For Redis配置

kyaa111 5月前 ⋅ 152 阅读

SpringCache抽象了缓存使用场景, 对外提供注解, 无需繁琐配置即可获得缓存能力

默认支持一堆缓存中间件, 其中就包括Redis

在此仅提供一种缓存配置的思路


@Data
@Component
@ConfigurationProperties(prefix = "spring.cache.redis")
public class RedisCacheProperties {

    /**
     * 区分于业务使用的Redis库
     *
     * 独立SpringCache的数据
     *
     * 也可以改动配置使用另外的Redis
     */
    private Integer database;

}



@Configuration(proxyBeanMethods = false)
public class RedisCacheConfig {

    private static final String KEY_SEPARATOR = "::";
    
    //定义缓存的序列化方式
    @Bean("objectMapperForRedisSerializer")
    public ObjectMapper objectMapperForRedisSerializer(JavaTimeModule javaTimeModule) {
        var om = new ObjectMapper();
        om.registerModule(new SimpleModule().addSerializer(new NullValueSerializer(null)));
        om.registerModule(javaTimeModule);
        om.activateDefaultTyping(om.getPolymorphicTypeValidator(), ObjectMapper.DefaultTyping.EVERYTHING,
                JsonTypeInfo.As.PROPERTY);
        return om;
    }


    @Bean("redisConnectionFactoryForSpringCache")
    public LettuceConnectionFactoryWrapper redisConnectionFactoryForSpringCache(
            LettuceConnectionFactory redisConnectionFactory, RedisCacheProperties redisCacheProperties) {

        RedisStandaloneConfiguration standaloneConfiguration = redisConnectionFactory.getStandaloneConfiguration();

        RedisStandaloneConfiguration standaloneConfigurationNew = new RedisStandaloneConfiguration();

        BeanUtil.copyProperties(standaloneConfiguration, standaloneConfigurationNew,
                CopyOptions.create().setIgnoreNullValue(true));

        standaloneConfigurationNew.setDatabase(redisCacheProperties.getDatabase());

        LettuceConnectionFactory lettuceConnectionFactoryNew = new LettuceConnectionFactory(standaloneConfigurationNew);

        BeanUtil.copyProperties(redisConnectionFactory, lettuceConnectionFactoryNew, CopyOptions.create()
                .setIgnoreNullValue(true).setIgnoreProperties("standaloneConfig", "configuration"));

        lettuceConnectionFactoryNew.setDatabase(redisCacheProperties.getDatabase());
        lettuceConnectionFactoryNew.afterPropertiesSet();

        return LettuceConnectionFactoryWrapper.build(lettuceConnectionFactoryNew);
    }


    @Bean
    public CachingConfigurer cachingConfigurer(CacheProperties cacheProperties,
                                               ObjectProvider<CacheManagerCustomizer<?>> customizers,
                                               ObjectProvider<RedisCacheConfiguration> redisCacheConfiguration,
                                               ObjectProvider<RedisCacheManagerBuilderCustomizer> builderCustomizers,
                                               LettuceConnectionFactoryWrapper redisConnectionFactoryWrapper,
                                               @Qualifier("objectMapperForRedisSerializer") ObjectMapper om) {

        RedisCacheManager cacheManager = buildCacheManager(cacheProperties, customizers, redisCacheConfiguration,
                builderCustomizers, redisConnectionFactoryWrapper.getLettuceConnectionFactory(), om);

        KeyGenerator keyGenerator = buildKeyGenerator();

        IgnoreExceptionCacheErrorHandler errorHandler = new IgnoreExceptionCacheErrorHandler();


        return new CachingConfigurer() {
            @Override
            public CacheManager cacheManager() {
                return cacheManager;
            }

            @Override
            public KeyGenerator keyGenerator() {
                return keyGenerator;
            }

            @Override
            public CacheErrorHandler errorHandler() {
                return errorHandler;
            }
        };
    }


    /**
     * 自定义Redis Key生成策略
     */
    public KeyGenerator buildKeyGenerator() {
        return (target, method, params) -> {
            var builder = new StringBuilder();
            for (var param : params) {
                builder.append(param).append(KEY_SEPARATOR);
            }

            builder.append(target.getClass().getName()).append(KEY_SEPARATOR);
            builder.append(method.getName());

            return builder.toString();
        };
    }


    RedisCacheManager buildCacheManager(CacheProperties cacheProperties,
                                        ObjectProvider<CacheManagerCustomizer<?>> customizers,
                                        ObjectProvider<RedisCacheConfiguration> redisCacheConfiguration,
                                        ObjectProvider<RedisCacheManagerBuilderCustomizer> redisCacheManagerBuilderCustomizers,
                                        LettuceConnectionFactory redisConnectionFactory,
                                        ObjectMapper om) {

        RedisCacheManagerBuilder builder = RedisCacheManager.builder(redisConnectionFactory)
                .cacheDefaults(determineConfiguration(cacheProperties, om, redisCacheConfiguration));

        List<String> cacheNames = cacheProperties.getCacheNames();
        if (!cacheNames.isEmpty()) {
            builder.initialCacheNames(new LinkedHashSet<>(cacheNames));
        }
        if (cacheProperties.getRedis().isEnableStatistics()) {
            builder.enableStatistics();
        }

        redisCacheManagerBuilderCustomizers.orderedStream().forEach(customizer -> customizer.customize(builder));

        return new CacheManagerCustomizers(customizers.orderedStream().toList()).customize(builder.build());
    }

    private RedisCacheConfiguration determineConfiguration(
            CacheProperties redisCacheProperties,
            ObjectMapper om,
            ObjectProvider<RedisCacheConfiguration> redisCacheConfiguration) {

        return redisCacheConfiguration.getIfAvailable(() -> createConfiguration(redisCacheProperties, om));
    }


    private RedisCacheConfiguration createConfiguration(CacheProperties cacheProperties, ObjectMapper om) {

        CacheProperties.Redis redisProperties = cacheProperties.getRedis();

        RedisCacheConfiguration config = RedisCacheConfiguration.defaultCacheConfig();

        config = config.serializeValuesWith(SerializationPair.fromSerializer(new GenericJackson2JsonRedisSerializer(om)));
        config = config.serializeKeysWith(SerializationPair.fromSerializer(new StringRedisSerializer()));

        if (redisProperties.getTimeToLive() != null) {
            config = config.entryTtl(redisProperties.getTimeToLive());
        }
        if (redisProperties.getKeyPrefix() != null) {
            config = config.prefixCacheNameWith(redisProperties.getKeyPrefix());
        }
        if (!redisProperties.isCacheNullValues()) {
            config = config.disableCachingNullValues();
        }
        if (!redisProperties.isUseKeyPrefix()) {
            config = config.disableKeyPrefix();
        }
        return config;
    }


    @Slf4j
    static class IgnoreExceptionCacheErrorHandler implements CacheErrorHandler {

        @Override
        public void handleCacheGetError(RuntimeException exception, Cache cache, Object key) {
            log.error("cacheGetError, key: {}", key, exception);
        }

        @Override
        public void handleCachePutError(RuntimeException exception, Cache cache, Object key, Object value) {
            log.error("cachePutError, key: {}", key, exception);
        }

        @Override
        public void handleCacheEvictError(RuntimeException exception, Cache cache, Object key) {
            log.error("cacheEvictError, key: {}", key, exception);
        }

        @Override
        public void handleCacheClearError(RuntimeException exception, Cache cache) {
            log.error("cacheClearError", exception);
        }
    }

    @Data
    static class LettuceConnectionFactoryWrapper {
        private LettuceConnectionFactory lettuceConnectionFactory;

        public static LettuceConnectionFactoryWrapper build(LettuceConnectionFactory lettuceConnectionFactory) {
            LettuceConnectionFactoryWrapper wrapper = new LettuceConnectionFactoryWrapper();
            wrapper.lettuceConnectionFactory = lettuceConnectionFactory;
            return wrapper;
        }
    }

对应配置文件

spring:
  redis:
    client-type: lettuce
    database: 0
    host: 192.168.101.128
    port: 6379
    password: 123456
  cache:
    redis:
      time-to-live: 10m
      database: 1